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Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver – Review


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at unbeatable prices? Our curatorship of Udemy courses has the best options for you Learn more about it the link in the description Ubuntu 18.04 LTS has finally arrived It is now our turn to learn the big strengths and pitfalls of the new version If you haven’t been to the outside Linux’s World since 2016 Ubuntu, which used to use the Unity interface with this classic and characteristic look after going through several changes, ended up back with Gnome Yes, it’s back! For those of you that met Linux’s World recently, originally Ubuntu used Gnome, up to 2011 to be more precise when Unity interface has arrived At 5th April 2017 Mark Shuttleworth, Canonical founder, the enterprise that develops Ubuntu has announced it was giving up about Unity and also the mobile market, and bringing Ubuntu back to its origins Claiming that the time has come to make Canonical grow and it opened its capital for investors, where unprofitable projects must be cut And thus, Ubuntu Phone and Unity were also cut To put this into context, now we have the first Ubuntu LTS release with 5-year support to ship with Gnome Shell as user interface among the news, besides Gnome Desktop itself, which besides Shell, also provides several Gnome applications we have several smaller details too that may change your experience, compared to stock Gnome In this channel, we have a complete review of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS beta so you can watch it to really see the small details on the system, ok? In this video I’m going to focus on overall strengths, updates and weaknesses of this Ubuntu that people usually don’t explain, they only show what’s new You can find the review of this beta here in the description and frankly, it hasn’t changed that much as expected Here in the description you will also find a link to a very cool article that I made at Diolinux Blog, about 7 things to do after installing Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Actually, there are a lot more than 7 things that I’ve put in the article It is extremely complete and contains a great deal of knowledge and you can take a look there, to learn how to make your Ubuntu tuned for your daily usage In this new Ubuntu, right from the installation we already have the Minimal Install option Wich is leaner and brings less applications Here in the channel we also have a video showing the exact difference between Default and Minimal Install, including RAM usage tests, and other stuff I’m going to be very succinct, I believe, and split this review in two parts: Strengths and interesting news and also negative points and bugs I’ve found so far The first strength is that Ubuntu seems to be more stable now Or at least Apport is less talkative If you don’t know yet, Apport is that bug report tool that Ubuntu always had that boring window, that now and then – or now and always pops up to warn you that something you didn’t even know was not working properly So, looks like either Ubuntu is more stable and Apport won’t have a lot to complain, or this report is becoming less drastic without interrupting the user that much What is a good thing, in any sense that window often gave the impression that Ubuntu was extremely buggy While people used to compare it to other distros that don’t even had the same rigid bug report system that Canonical implemented on Ubuntu So it was giving the impression that one system was buggy and the other wasn’t even if they got the same errors, one showed but the other not it seems like the one that showed was going into issues So, in some way it’s a strength too The classy look with Ambiance theme and Ubuntu Mono Dark, Radiance and Ubuntu Mono Light icons however outdated they may be, they preserve the visual identity built along with Unity This is so interesting, that if you put this orange theme with those icons in any interface, you will automatically remember Ubuntu, because of its visual identity I’ve even criticized the fact that they didn’t use the new theme on this version but it is understandable that they make gradual changes, not changing all at once They have already changed the interface, maintaining the icons and visual cohesion at least people gonna look and remember Ubuntu If they had changed all this, maybe people would consider it as a slightly different system So it’s understandable So this release kept the same theme Speaking of visual aspects, we have some changes here on Nautilus that now has this darker part on left side they also added a small detail up here too that you may notice when opening a folder, it looks deeper here on location bar it is a small detail that didn’t exist in beta version, if I’m not mistaken and here on this side we have this look but I don’t know if it’s just me, or you thought this too it feels that this bar should collapse and leave only the icons or hide and show or something alike It’s like, you could hide this bar here to show only those icons on this side, it’s how it feels because of the design they made But it’s cute, don’t you agree? Another really nice feature is that on Software Center we have a lot of Snap packages, you can see it’s full of it almos all apps you see on home page nowadays are Snap another nice thing to say is that Snap packages specifically have per-app permissions So similarly to Android, where we give permission to access webcam, give permission to access files, things like that you can control it too on Snaps An app may have access to one thing and not to other, this is very cool I think it’s interesting to comment here as a strength Gnome animations, the way it behaves, it’s really fluid the design is nice, the way windows move, etc So it surely helps on user experience like it or not, Unity had a bit more plastered behavior and didn’t have so many animation on all windows Gnome is more beautiful, so to speak, in this aspect Another nice and new feature coming with this new Ubuntu version is a welcome message, when you login for the first time this welcome message tries to introduce you to the new Ubuntu showing some visual aspects, the new interface, where you can find your stuff, it specially looks like, to someone coming from Unity, that is the other LTS whether we want or not, it’s going to have this innovation shock other things they offer through this welcome screen are privacy settings, where you can also see report details and the type of data that Canonical now generates, which you can choose to send or not and set it up on privacy settings under Gnome Control Center you will also be able to set up other services like Livepatch, for example that I’ll talk about soon and in the end it will even give you options to install suggested apps This window, as for what I’ve seen, it will change over time those are Snap softwares, available at the app center while it’s a nice initiative, it is still too little for what I’d expect from Ubuntu but it’s better than nothing In the article about 7 things to do after installing Ubuntu, that I posted on the blog, I explained in further detail this welcome screen that they put, so then you can check it out to to get a better view of all the options you have there, ok? It may sound like a simple thing, but it’s also another positive aspect you can now move the dock from left to right or bottom You
You should remember, if you have used Unity, that for a long time users asked for this feature to be able to move the dock to another place, much as I would think that it’s usually better on the left even in terms of space-efficiency but anyways, the freedom is great for letting the users customize it however they want this Ubuntu with Gnome dock can be moved to bottom or right without any problems besides the original position on the left It can actually be moved even to top, although not directly through system settings it’s going to be maybe in another video Another important thing you need to know is that, as this is a version with focus on stability they brought back the default X.Org graphical server Wayland is going to be an option on login screen, for anyone wishing to test but it’s recommended to use Wayland only with Open Source drivers, ok? So, if you have an nVidia GPU, you’d better keep using X.Org Also, if you install the proprietary nVidia driver Ubuntu itself will remove the Wayland option from the login screen for you, to avoid making something stupid At least this is what it was doing, I don’t know if it will keep this behavior Speaking of drivers, we have the Kernel 4.15 on this new LTS wich has several improvements for AMD hardware, so if you use a Ryzen CPU, for example or you use an AMD videocard that require a kernel focused on this kind of hardware the Kernel 4.15 and above might be a good option and the version 4.15 is exactly what Ubuntu 18.04 LTS is shipping with and it will undoubtedly receive future updates Speaking of drivers, speaking of kernel, I couldn’t forget to mention the new Livepatch system from Canonical to Ubuntu Linux Kernel, ok? I’ve even said I would talk about it anyways So, Livepatch, for for those of you who don’t know yet, we have already talked about this on the blog, if I’m not mistaken Livepatch is a system that allows kernel, that is, the core of the operating system wich is Linux, to be updated without needing to restart the machine
que é o Linux seja atualizado sem a necessidade de você reiniciar a máquina para que as atualizações so that updates or patches applied start working In a server this is so interesting, that you can apply security patches without needing to restart the machine, the server On the desktop it works pretty much the same way But let’s face it, desktop users won’t benefit from it that much after all, restarting the machine isn’t any kind of sacrilege this could happen between one day and another, for example But it’s undoubtedly a nice feature
Nice in two senses: It’s a premium from Canonical, that is, companies pay for this resource in a specific way with support but it’s also released for free to desktop users You can login with your Ubuntu One account, you can create one if you haven’t on Livepatch settings screen, wich you you will easily find during installation and in welcome screen If you leave aside these two options, you can still find it on Softwares and Updates You login there and since then, it’s already working Livepatch is also installed via Snap Last but not least, a not-so-new feature on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS it’s now 64bit only, there isn’t a 32bit desktop version anymore If you still want to use 32bit Ubuntu you will need to use some flavor that still supports this architecture and as far as I know, all of them are, except for Official Ubuntu that comes with Gnome now Another new feature that actually isin’t new because it’s happening since Ubuntu 17.10 is that Swap now doesn’t need to be a separate partition by deafult, Ubuntu creates a Swap file what gives more malleability, if you want to change its size Ok, now let’s talk about negative points and bugs I’ve come across because there are a few of them It’s funny because I found some of them in an installation but not in another i installed it in two machines while using one I had bugs, while using the other I didn’t so you can comment if you sufferred the same problem as I did But independently of those bugs that happen in one machine but not on other there is something that happened all the times I tested: Snaps installation
Snaps are like images of applications it’s like DMG files from MacOS,
but installed from Gnome Software so, a little hiccup happens every time while this image is being mounted, from what I’ve seen Because during the install process, when you click Install and type your password and it downloads, it’s all fine but after the moment it is reaching 100% while it’s creating menu icons and mounting this Snap the system freezes, mouse hangs, keyboard stops too it also gets static for a few seconds after that it unfreezes and goes back to normal it surely is a bug, and I’ve noticed it every time on my tests I don’t know if it’s only me, you can leave a comment Another thing that Ubuntu 18.04 inherited is that Gnome memory bug in Gnome Shell process that as you use Gnome Shell, as I’ve already mentioned it keeps increasing RAM usage as I’ve seen, Gnome staff has already found and fixed the problem but this fix is going to ship with Gnome 3.30, if I’m not mistaken and Ubuntu is still using 3.28 and it will probably remain for some time, because it’s an LTS version However, it looks like the developers will port this fix from 3.30 to 3.28, so that everyone using LTS won’t have this problem Nevertheless, it looks like that problem of growing too much when you opened and closed an overview, for example has diminished considerably now it didn’t happen as often, but this “memory link” still exists that actually, from what they explained, is not exactly an link I have talked about it previously as a positive thing but it’s a negative thing at the same time I think people that have been using Ubuntu for a long time perhaps were disappointed once again, because of having that old theme as default At last… there is a new community-developed theme but I had two distinct behaviors: In one, I installed it on a computer and it worked flawlessly I could use it as usual, however on the other, if I try to move an dock icon while using the new theme, it simply resets the session and goes back to login screen
So I’ve had this kind of problem with this new theme, which is also being distributed by Gnome Software itself as Snap it’s called Community Theme and I have already showed it in blog posts and in videos on the channel too We could say that some of the negative aspects of new Ubuntu refer solely to Gnome I think that Gnome Software, for example, is way too slow to find apps besides, it does not show those packages without icons Talkint to Georges in an interview in this channel Georges one of the Gnome developers he explained that the idea was to bring a bit thougher selection to put only quality software there, in other words, those who the developer at least cared about adding an icon but we have several problems there
There are several Snaps and normal applications that don’t have a screenshot, for example where Gnome Software has that place to show an image of the app not all of them have this kind of thing The search is often slow to find something you delete what you searched and stays in the same search results so it really needs several improvements and optimizations to reach fluidity on Gnome Software By the way, on Ubuntu we have something a bit annoying that is the duplication of updaters We have the Updates tab on Gnome Software that you will obviously think The system updates will appear right there all updates to applications, whether they are Snaps or normal applications, they will appear along with security updates… But that’s not the case, on Ubuntu we have very old application that has been shipping with Ubuntu for a long time, called Software & Updates and you will update your system through it Gnome Software doesn’t show all those updates and sometimes show some updates from Gnome platform or some update of Gnome Software itself But you usually will use this external tool This confuses users and should be dropped Either have only one inside Gnome Software, preferably, to be more cohesive or remove that tab from Gnome Software, that is almost useless, and leave only this updater Now there’s a new bug involving Nautilus, that I’ve noticed only in one of my installations:
It wasn’t completely translated Also there are other parts on the system that weren’t completely translated Actually they are new things they inserted, for example – on privacy menu a lot of them are still in english But Nautilus was perfectly translated in one of my installations it was really fully translated, but in other machine, even after installing Gnome translation package, the same thing I did in the other computer some folders simply won’t be translated, the name is still in english In one of my installations, another thing also happened that does not happen in another, what is really curious Do you know Snipping tool? Where you drag a window near the edge of your screen and it snaps? So, it doesn’t work with Nautilus in one of my machines but on the other it works flawlessly, go figure… Another thing to be criticized is the chaos on System Monitor inside file system tab, because of Snaps I know each Snap is inside an image file, so it is mounted as a mini partition no problems about this, As long as it works, I really don’t care about technical details If it works, then it’s fine The System Monitor should have this function to hide Snaps because, think with me, if in the future all Ubuntu apps get distributed through Snap just imagine the chaos there while you try to find something, there will be a whole bunch of full filesystems and until you finally find what you want to know like how much space you have left on home, for example
it’s going to be a lot more complicated Nowadays there are some other better applications to do exactly that like Gnome Usage the “use of gnome”, something like that, I believe it was translated but for now, this is what comes by default And there are certain things that should be taken into account If you wish to compare them, there is a Ubuntu 17.10 review here in this channel, the first ISO with Gnome, and now with 18.04 you can watch both and compare the evolution to judge how much it evoluted between the two versions In short, the system is really interesting and has several smaller issues There is another bug I forgot to mention, Snap packages don’t support themes properly
So, remember that theme you really like? If you install it and have Snap applications using GTK they probably won’t follow the theme,
they will use Adwaita, the Gnome default theme even the System Monitor looks buggy I think this is a bug I haven’t seen any mention yet, at least Well folks, this video is ending here I hope you liked my summary of pros and cons of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS it’s a very interesting system, worth testing at the very least Let’s put this way: It is a “respectful” LTS but has many new features, so I think that from now on maybe Ubuntu may be back to Ubuntu starting from 18.10 and start implementing its own modifications to make the system interface a bit more confortable to use I have already said this in another video, but one of the things I really would like to see Ubuntu doing again is creating solutions to make user’s life easy again the same way they did at the season of 10.04, 10.10, 11.04, where the creativity was flowing strongly It would be really interesting if Canonical came back to this but maybe, in the end, they may have changed their focus a bit, so I don’t know if it’r really going to happen Anyways, I would really love to know your opinion So leave your comments about what you think about this new Ubuntu version and if those bugs I mentioned also happened with you Ok? Thanks, see you next time, bye!

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